This lesson will explain [ïth] meaning "which" and [winith?] meaning "where?".
A possible conversation.
||Wu̲t ɛmɔ puɔ̲nydɛ bëë wïnïth?
That man himself where does he come from?
||Kua̲cä̲ jɛ. Diɛwä̲ i̲ bëë kä̲ thɔ̲ŋɔ.
I don't know it. It is my supposition that he comes from that direction.
||Kä̲ thɔ̲ŋ ïth?
From which direction?
||Kä̲ Wakrial, diɛwdä̲.
From Wakrial, is my supposition.
- This consonant is made with the tongue pressed against the ridge of the mouth and
protruding slightly between the teeth. It occurs in word initial and word final positions.
- [ïth] acts as
- an interrogative noun modifier meaning "which?". Its plural form is [tïth]. It either modifies the
noun directly or occurs together with a relative pronoun.
- Ɛ gat ïth? -- Which child is it?
- Ɛ gat ïm ïth? -- Which child is it?
- Kɛ gaat tïn tïth? -- Which children are they?
- It acts as a predicate nominative or a direct object when it occurs in a relative phrase with
the definite relative pronoun [mïn-tïn].
- Ɛ mïn mïth? -- It is which one?
- Kɛ tïn tïth? -- They are which ones?
- Go̲o̲ri̲ tïn tïth? -- Which ones do you want?
- [wïnïth?] is obviously a double word meaning possibly "which going?", i.e. "which direction?" or "which place?" but the
true meaning is "where?". It differs in meaning from [ni̲?] whenever a large territory is in question, otherwise the
words are used inter-changeably.
e.g. If you were lost someplace you would say [ɤä̲n a wïnïth tä̲ä̲mɛ?] -- Where am I? You want to know the area you are in.
[Ɣä̲n a nï?] would invite the answer [Jï̲n a thï̲n]. because it is an immediate presence.
Grammatically [wïnïth] acts like a noun occurring in all cases except the genitive. It has no
change in form.
- Gua̲a̲th ɛmɛ ɛ wïnïth? -- This place is where. Pred. Nom.
- Cɛ wïnïth lar? -- He said where? Direct object.
- Bëë wïnïth? -- Where does he come from? Locative
- [ïth] may be given the possessive adjective endings resulting in the meaning "which of me?", "which of you?",
"which of them?" etc. It occurs generally in the singular.
e.g. [Jï̲n go̲o̲ri̲ ïmïthdiɛn?] Which one of them do you want?