Cambodia Strikes: Key Players
President Joseph Sutton
Joseph Sutton was born on March 22, 1924, in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma. At the age of seventeen, Sutton enlisted in the army in 1941. During World War II, he was deployed to Tokyo, Japan, and served as a language officer on the staff of General Douglas MacArthur. Upon returning to the United States, Sutton obtained an A.B. in Oriental Languages (1948), an M.A. in Oriental Civilization (1949), and a Ph.D. in Political Science (1954), all from the University of Michigan.
Sutton came to Indiana University in 1953 as an instructor in the Department of Political Science. Quickly rising through the ranks, Sutton became a prominent figure on campus, soon becoming Dean of the College of Arts and Sciences (1962), Vice-President and Dean of the Faculties (1966), and finally President in 1968.
Sutton resigned as President of I.U. on January 25, 1971, following his wife’s death from cancer. He remarried later that year. On April 4, 1972, Sutton and Elizabeth, his new wife, were in a car accident. Sutton remained in critical condition for several weeks after, but on April 28, 1972, at the age of 48, he passed away.
Chancellor Byrum E. Carter
Byrum Earl Carter Jr. was born on March 3, 1922. Shortly after enrolling at Frederick Jr. College, Carter was drafted into the Marine Corps, and eventually was assigned to the posiiton of wage rate analyst for the War Labor Board. Following his discharge in 1943, he returned to the States and received a B.A. from the University of Oklahoma. In 1947 Carter joined the faculty of IU in the Department of Government. Upon completing his Ph.D. in 1951, he became a Junior Faculty member, later becoming a Full Professor in 1960.
Like Sutton, Carter swiftly rose through the administrative ranks at IU. Within a decade he had become Assistant Dean of Faculties (1959), Acting Dean of Faculties (1963), Dean of the College of Arts and Sciences (1966), and finally Chancellor of the Indiana University Bloomington campus (1969).
Carter oversaw the Bloomington campus during a period of strong student unrest, including student demonstrations such as the 1969 boycott, the Ballantine Lock-In, and the Cambodia Strikes of 1970.
Carter resigned from the administration in June of 1975 and finished his career as a professor in the Department of Political Science. A month after retiring, Carter passed away on January 31, 1987.
Student Body President Keith Parker
Keith Parker was elected as I.U. Student Body President in 1969. Parker was a member of the Black Panther Party and was passionate about the empowerment of the people, especially the minority voice. Although Parker strongly supported student protesting, he was an advocate for nonviolence. Stressing nonviolence, Parker was a primary reason that demonstrations in 1970 remained peaceful at I.U., at a time when student violence plagued campuses.