Indiana University Libraries Digital Projects & Services

This web site, which provides information about digital projects and services of the Indiana University Libraries and former IU Digital Library Program, is currently in transition. Over time, much of the content on this site will be migrated to the IU Bloomington Libraries web site.

Indiana University Libraries Digital Projects & Services

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Electronic Text Services

About | E-Text Services | Example Documentation
Standards & Guidelines | References

About Electronic Text Services

Electronic Text Services (ETS) provides consultation, training and Web publishing expertise for the creation of electronic text resources. Services range from developing encoding strategies to delivering texts online. ETS also supports the electronic text technologies and standards, which are based on the eXtensible Markup Language (XML), utilized by the Indiana University Digital Library Program (DLP).

ETS is a partnership between University Information Technology Services and the IU Libraries. ETS was formerly Library Electronic Text Resource Services (LETRS), a public facility that hosted CD-ROM electronic text resources for the humanities and e-text production work for the DLP.

Michelle Dalmau, Digital Projects & Usability Librarian,, (812) 855-1261


  • Project planning — needs assessment, outsourcing, cost analysis, determining encoding benchmarks, document analysis, encoding requirements, quality control, web site implementation
  • Full text generation — optical scanning (OCR), re-keying, transcription
  • Encoding — Text Encoding Initiative (TEI), Encoded Archival Description (EAD), other document-centric XML-based markup
  • Training and outreach — Instruction on TEI, EAD, and other XML-based markup, scanning, and full text generation
  • Technical assistance — text transformations using XSLT, XSL-FO and other XML-related technologies, functional requirements for Web delivery of e-texts, Web site design for e-text content

Note: The DLP maintains documentation on local best practices for the Encoded Archival Description (EAD) under our Metadata Services section.

Example Documentation

Standards & Guidelines


  • Electronic Texts: Audiences and Purposes” by Perry Willett. In Companion to Digital Humanities. Eds. Susan Schreibman, Ray Siemens, John Unsworth. Oxford: Blackwell: 2004.
  • The NINCH Guide to Good Practice in the Digital Representation and Management of Cultural Heritage Materials by the Humanities Advanced Technology and Information Institute (HATII), University of Glasgow, and the National Initiative for a Networked Cultural Heritage (NINCH). See Chapter 5, “Digitization and Encoding of Text,” for an introduction on selecting and preparing texts for electronic access.
  • Creating and Documenting Electronic Texts: A Guide to Good Practice” by Alan Morrison, Michael Popham and Karen Wikander.