FRBR; or, How I learned to stop worrying and love the model
Jenn Riley
Metadata Librarian
IU Digital Library Program
jenlrile@indiana.edu

Agenda
Introduction to FRBR
ALCTS preconference summary
Current FRBR-ish activities
So how is this going to affect me?

Agenda
Introduction to FRBR
ALCTS preconference summary
Current FRBR-ish activities
So how is this going to affect me?

What is FRBR?
Functional Requirements for Bibliographic Records
Either F-R-B-R or “Ferber”
A report in 7 languages (soon to add simplified and traditional Chinese)
A “conceptual model”
entities
attributes
relationships

Contents of FRBR Report
Introduction
Objectives, Scope, and Methodology
Entities
Attributes
Relationships
User Tasks
Basic Requirements for National Bibliographic Records

User Tasks
FRBR
Find
Identify
Select
Obtain
Cutter
To enable a person to find a book of which either
the author
the title
the subject
...is known
To show what the library has
by a given author
on a given subject
in a given kind of literature
To assist in the choice of a book
as to its edition (bibliographically)
as to its character (literary or topical)

Group 1 Entities

Borders between entities can be unclear
New preface
New illustrations
Braille
Screenplay
Work<->Work relationships
Serials?
Does everything represent a “work”?

Expression entity problems
FRBR report, p. 19: “Strictly speaking, any change in intellectual or artistic content constitutes a change in expression. Thus, if a text is revised or modified, the resulting expression is considered to be a new expression, no matter how minor the modification may be.”
Some call for merging/removal of expression entity, but MUCH resistance from FRBR folk

Group 2 Entities
Person
Corporate body

Group 3 Entities
Groups 1 & 2 entities
Concept
Object
Event
Place

Agenda
Introduction to FRBR
ALCTS preconference summary
Current FRBR-ish activities
So how is this going to affect me?

ALCTS FRBR preconference agenda
Overview of FRBR
Reasons behind FRBR
Practical considerations
Example applications

Some highlights (1)
Allyson Carlyle (U. Washington): reservations about the expression entity from experience teaching library school students
Glenn Patton (OCLC): Why FRBR?
Clearer understanding of why we do what we do
Better collocation and navigation
Clearer, more useful relationships
More controlled, authoritative information for productivity

Some highlights (2)
Tom Delsey (independent consultant): areas revisited
Record type
Material type
Objectives of the catalog
Syndetic structure
Core record
Sally McCallum (LC): FRBR & MARC
LC-commissioned MARC mapping suggested extensions to FRBR to accommodate all MARC21 elements
FRBRizer performed poorly for music
Jennifer Bowen (Rochester): “Is FRBR really coming? It’s already here!”

Agenda
Introduction to FRBR
ALCTS preconference summary
Current FRBR-ish activities
So how is this going to affect me?

Implementations & related projects
OCLC FictionFinder
RLG RedLightGreen
AustLit Gateway
VTLS Virtua ILS system
III Millennium 2005 ILS system
IU Variations2

“Official” adoption
Functional Analysis of the MARC 21
Bibliographic and Holdings Formats
Performed by Tom Delsey (AACR3 editor)
Commissioned by LC
Joint Steering Committee for Revision of the Anglo-American Cataloging Rules
Incorporating FRBR terminology and concepts
Work OK
Expression, Manifestation new
Item definition changed
Format Variation Working Group (Feb. 2001-June 2004)
“Catalog” or “collocate” expressions
Differences in opinion between domains
CC:DA Task Force on FRBR Terminology
ALA group reviewing and responding to JSC work

Flurry of Activity
October 2004 issue of LRTS will contain papers based on ALCTS preconference presentations
C&CQ Vol 39, No. 3-4, 2004 will be a topical issue on FRBR
Lots of other presentations and papers
Work on FRBR for authorities: FRANAR

Current FRBR Working Groups
Expression entity
Continuing resources
Teaching and training
Subject relationships
FRBR/CRM dialogue

Agenda
Introduction to FRBR
ALCTS preconference summary
Current FRBR-ish activities
So how is this going to affect me?

How many records are affected?
78% of works have a single manifestation
99% of all works in WorldCat have seven manifestations or less
30,000, or <1% have more than 20 manifestations
R. Bennett et. al. (2003) "The concept of a work in WorldCat: an application of FRBR" Library Collections Acquisitions & Technical Services 27, 45-59.
So why do we need FRBR?

Slide 23

End-users
ILL
Holds
Allow better distinction between content and carrier
FRBR-ized catalog vs. disambiguation process

Slide 25

Slide 26

Slide 27

Slide 28

Slide 29

Cataloging
Non-MARC environments
Many already doing FRBR-like things
Tend to have lots of programming support
MARC environments
Need more innovation from ILS vendors
Catalogers used to looking at 1 record (maybe 2) showing everything
Need to provide complex relationships when necessary, hide when not
Legacy records

So what do I do now?
Learn more!

Some presentations at ALCTS preconference
FRBR: Coming Soon to YOUR Library?
Jennifer Bowen, University of Rochester
FRBR and the Bibliographic Universe, or, How to Read FRBR as a Model
Allyson Carlyle, Information School, University of Washington
Differentiating Libraries through Enriched User Searching; FRBR as the next dimension in meaningful Information Retrieval
Vinod Chachra, Chairman & CEO, VTLS Inc. and John Espley, Director of Design, VTLS Inc.
Stepping Back Looking Forward: FRBR and the Evolution of the Catalogue
Thomas J. Delsey, Consultant
RedLightGreen - FRBR between a Rock and a Hard Place
Merrilee Proffitt, Program Officer, RLG
What is FRBR? (Functional Requirements for Bibliographic Records)
Dr. Barbara B. Tillett, Library of Congress
FictionFinder: a FRBR works-based prototype
Diane Vizine-Goetz, OCLC Research
from <http://www.ala.org/ala/alcts/alctsconted/presentations/presentations.htm>

For further information
FRBR report
Readings on handout & previous slide
FRBR listserv
jenlrile@indiana.edu
These presentation materials